Article compiled by Stan Ingman.

“Global warming has raised global sea level about 8 inches since 1880, and the rate of rise is accelerating.

Rising seas dramatically increase the odds of damaging floods from storm surges.

A Climate Central analysis finds the odds of “century” or worse floods occurring by 2030 are on track to double or more, over widespread areas of the U.S.

Across the country, nearly 5 million people live in 2.6 million homes at less than 4 feet above high tide — a level lower than the century flood line for most locations analyzed. And compounding this risk, scientists expect roughly 2 to 7 more feet of sea level rise this century — a lot depending upon how much more heat-trapping pollution humanity puts into the sky.

Miami and St. Petersburg , Florida, New York City, various Islands in the Ocean, Holland, Bangladesh and many other places are considering what should be their strategies to adjust to rising seas.

On a personal note, in 1963, the writer of this post (Stan Ingman) was a volunteer (one month training in engineering with degrees in botany and rural sociology) with the International Voluntary Service . We entered a partnership with US-AID, Social Conservation Service and the Algerian Forestry Service.

The newly formed government challenged us to see if we could stop the Sahara Desert from moving farther north, that is, stop the desertification of northern Algeria. I was 26 at the time, an optimist , so I thought about the request and wondered what steps could be initiated to stop the desertification process from my base in Tlemcen, Algeria. We planted some 30 thousand trees with 3000 Algerian refugees from the civil war per year. Because of the military takeover of the government, the project lasted only 3 years.

Slowing down climate change by moving to a non-carbon economy would appear to be necessary. It does seem adjusting to forced relocations of coastal populations around the world will need to be addressed, regardless. Recently the Financial Times reported that in the last five years, renewable energy use has jumped 70%, a good shift away from fossil fuels . (FT- 8/15/16). Some good news, but fossil fuels still dominate the energy sector.

We will focus on Louisiana and the struggles of the Biloxi Chitimacha Choctaw band.

Plenty International ( is working with Biloxi Chitimacha Choctaw band. As the Gulf of Mexico is rising, the water is slowly eroding the coastal land. See photo below.


They have also been involved in the BP oil disaster which happened in the waters where the Choctaw live and fish. They were also exposed to millions of gallons of high levels of toxic dispersants that were sprayed to sink the oil.

Plenty International has been working with this tribe since Hurricane’s Katrina and Rita in 2005.

Isle de Jean Charles is one Island that is sinking quickly and the people on the island have been granted federal funding to move inland to higher ground.
Pointe-Aux-Chenes is on a peninsula experiencing flooding also and is stable at the moment but eventually will have to confront similar issues as the water continues to rise.
Rebecca Ferris’s documentary “Can’t Stop the Water”, a 30-minute film, tells the story of the Island Tribe and all they are up against with the rising waters and exposure to hurricanes.




Two other locations to review the impact of climate change are the Chespeake Bay where islands have gone away and where others are being reduced in size.

and the coast of Florida . With anti-climate change ideology dominating State Government in Florida, mayors in coastal cities do not find much support for discussions on how the state can assist them.


Jared Diamond (2005) in his book, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fall and Succeed, points to many reasons why societies decline and die historically, not all by “ecocide”. He writes about five major factors: 1, environmental damage, 2. climate change, 3. hostile neighborhoods, 4. friendly trade partners and 5, finally, the society’s response to its environmental problems. Climate change may or may not be slowed down.

Is the USA and world going to respond with wise choices and action or not?

Perhaps in some small way, the FWOP network can support Plenty International as it assists the Biloxi Chitimacha Choctaw band on the Southern Louisiana Coast adjust to relocation and climate change.